Adsorption Studies of Crystal Violet From Aqueous Solution Using Low Cost Material: Equilibrium and Kinetics Studies

  • Mazahar Farooqui Dr. Rafiq Zakaria College for Women, Aurangabad
  • Dattatraya Jirekar
  • Gajanan Sanap
  • D. D Kayande
Keywords: Crystal Violet, Red gram crop seed husk, Isotherm, Thermodynamics, Kinetics


Crystal violet (CV), one of the toxic dyes which are extensively used for dyestuffs, textile, paper and plastics industries. CV does not easily biodegrades in aqueous medium and show harmful effect on aquatic as well as human life. In the present work adsorption studies of CV onto husk powder of Red gram crop (Cajanuscajan) seed was examined in aqueous solution at 27.8ºC. The effects of initial concentration, adsorbent dose, temperature, and contact time etc were determined. Highest 81.49% adsorption efficiency recorded was for 50 mg/L solution concentration onto 2.5g of husk powder of Red gram crop seed. The applicability of Langmuir and Freundlich isotherm model was investigated, and the Langmuir adsorption isotherm model exhibited the best fit than Freundlich isotherm model with the experimental data. The adsorption follows pseudo-second-order kinetics.


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Dattatraya Jirekar

Anandrao Dhonde Alias Babaji College, Kada. (INDIA)

Gajanan Sanap

S.B Science College, Aurangabad. (INDIA)

D. D Kayande

S.B Science College, Aurangabad. (INDIA)


SagnikChakraborty, ShamikChowdhury∗, Papita Das Saha Adsorption of Crystal Violet from aqueous solution onto NaOH-modified rice husk Carbohydrate Polymers 86,1533– 1541, (2011).

Filipkowska, U., Klimiuk, E., Grabowski, S. and Siedlecka, E. Adsorption of reactive dyes by modified chitin from aqueous solutions. J. Environ. Stud., 11:315–323, (2002).

M. RajeswariKulkarni, T. Revanth, AnirudhAcharya, Prasad Bhat Removal of Crystal Violet dye from aqueous solution using water hyacinth:Equilibrium, kinetics and thermodynamics study Resource-Efficient Technologies 3, 71–77, (2017).

Changdeo Ahilaji Kadam and Mazahar Farooqui, Adsorption equilibiruim, kinetic and thermodyanamics of malachite green (MG) dye adsorption from aqueous solutions onto Bael (Aegle marmelos) bark, International journal of herbal and green chemistry 7(4)A, 843-852, (2018).

D.B Jirekar, P.P Ghumare and Mazahar Farooqui, Isotherm studies of equilibrium sorption of Ni(II) ion on vignaunguiculata husk, J. Of Industrial pollution control, 31(3), 225-230 (2015).

D.B Jirekar, P.P Ghumare and Mazahar Farooqui, Kinetics and Isotherm studies on crystal violet dye adsorption onto black gram seed husk, International journal of chemtech research, [ISSN: 0974-4290]

D.B Jirekar, Arif Ali Pathan and Mazahar Farooqui, Adsorption of methylene bue dye from aqueous solution onto phaseolusurers biomaterials, Oriental jural of chemistry, 30(3), 1-7 (2014).

D. B. Jirekar, GhumarePramila, MazaharFarooqui Kinetics and Isotherm Studies on Crystal Violet Dye Adsorption onto Black Gram Seed Husk Int. J. ChemTech Res., 07(01), pp 427-434. (2014-15).

B. Thirunavukkarasu and K. Palanivelu-“Biosorption of Cr (VI) from plating effluents using marine algal mass”;Indian J. of Biotechnology,6, 359-364, (2007).

SagnikChakraborty, ShamikChowdhury, Papita Das Saha, Adsorption of crystal violet from aqueous solution onto NaOH-modified rice husk;Carbohydrate Polymers,86,1533-1541,(2011).

Arivoli S., Kalpana K., Sudha R. and Raja Chandrasekar T. Comparative study on the adsorption kinetics and thermodynamics of metal ions onto activated low cost pandanus carbon.J. Chem., 4:238-254, (2007).

Y. C. Sharma, S. N. Kaul, C. H. Weng, Adsorption separation of Cadmium from aqueous solutions and wastewaters by riverbed sand.Eng. Poll, 150, 251-257, (2007).

T. Vimala, S. Agnes Pramila Mary, V. Thamizharasan and S. Arivoli; Kinetic equilibrium and Mechanistic study for adsorption of ferrous ion.Ind. J. Env.Prot., 27 (12), 1090-1097, (2007).

P. Sivkukmar and P. N. Palanisamy; Law cost non-conventional activated carbon for the removal of reactive red 4; Kinetic and isotherm studies, Rasayan J. Chem.;4:872-883, (2008).

ZhanwangZheng, ChunhuaXiong and Caiping Yow; Adsorption behavior of SDA-200 resin towards p-nitrophenol in aqueous solution; Asian J. Chem. 22(3): 2003-2012,(2010).

Chakravarty S, Removal of copper from aqueous solution using newspaper pulp as an adsorbent, J. of Hazardous Materials, 159,396-403,(2008).

S. Madhav Krishna, K. ManickaVasagam, R. Vasanthkumaran, K. Rasappan, R. Mohanraj, S. Pattabhi; Adsorption of Crystal Violet Dye from aqueous solution by using RicinusCommunis Pericarp carbon as an adsorbent; E-Journal of Chemistry, 6 (4), 1109-1116, (2009).

HindaLachheb, Eric Puzenat, AmmarHouas, Mohamed Ksibi, ElimameElaioui, Chantal Guillard and Jean-Marie Herrmann; Photocatalytic degradation of various types of dyes (alizarin S, crocein orange G, methyl red, congo red, methyl biue) in water by UV- irradiated titania, Appl. Catalysis B:Env., 39, 75-90, (2002).

VipasiriVimonses, Shaomin Lei, Bo Jin, Chris W. K. Chow and Chris Saint; Adsorption of congo red by three Australian kaolins, Appl. Clay Sci., 43, 465-472, (2009).

Rais Ahmad and Rajeev kumar; Adsorptive removal of congo red dye from aqueous solution using bael shell carbon, Apll. Surf.Sci. 257, 1628-1633, (2010).

J. R. Kulkarni and V. S. Shrivastava; Removal of congo red (dye) by using chemically modified sawdust, Asian J. Chem. 16 (2), 795-799 (2004).

Lairini, K. EI Mahtal, Y. Miyah, K. Tanji, S. Guissi, S. Boumchita, F. Zerrouq; The Adsorption of Crystal Violet from aqueous solution by using Potato peels (Solannumtuberosum) : Equilibrium and Kinetic studies; JMES; 5 (9),pp. 3252-3261, (2017).

How to Cite
Farooqui, M., Jirekar, D., Sanap, G., & D Kayande, D. (2018). Adsorption Studies of Crystal Violet From Aqueous Solution Using Low Cost Material: Equilibrium and Kinetics Studies. To Chemistry Journal, 1(3), 313-324. Retrieved from
Research Articles