Geographic Information Systems: A Survey
At its core GIS or Geographical Information System, is a mapping tool that allows various types of information to be linked to geolocation. With advances in Big Data technologies, the availability of a large and ever-increasing stream of geolocated data, the new services based on geolocation that are used by massive numbers of people especially on mobile devices, GIS systems are becoming fundamental and increasingly important to large numbers of individuals as well as businesses and industry. The purpose of this paper is to review the current state of the art of GIS technology and provide a summary view of its functionality and the major issues around its use. It is aimed to be readable by a wide readership familiar with computing technologies but not necessarily versed in GIS.
Steinberg, S. L., & Steinberg, S. J. (2015). GIS Research Methods: Incorporating Spatial Perspectives. Redlands, California: Esri Press.
Aguirre, J. C. (2014, June). The Unlikely History of the Origins of Modern Maps. In Smithsonian.com: https://www.smithsonianmag.com/history/unlikely-history-origins-modern-maps-180951617
Albrecht, J. (2007). Key Concepts and Techniques in GIS. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications.
Waters, N. (2017). GIS: History. In The International Encyclopedia of Geography. doi:10.1002/9781118786352.wbieg0841
Fazal, S. (2008). GIS Basics. New Age International.
National Geographic. Geographic Information System. In https://www.nationalgeographic.org/encyclopedia/geographic-information-system-gis
Bucher, B. & Le Ber, F. (Eds.). (2012). Innovative Software Development in GIS. Published by: ISTE/Wiley, ISBN 978-1-84821-364-7.
Harder, C. (2017). ESRI. (C. Brown, Ed.) In ESRI: http://downloads.esri.com/LearnArcGIS/pdf/the-arcgis-book-second-edition.pdf
Mann, S. T., and Roberts, S. S., (2018). System and method for multi-resolution raster data processing. US patent US20160321781A1 granted 2018 assigned to Pitney-Bowes Inc. In https://patents.google.com/patent/US20160321781 also in https://patentimages.storage.googleapis.com/4c/4d/89/5672b3a9d80c3a/US20160321781A1.pdf
Pitney, Bowes, (2017). Multi-Resolution Raster (MRR) - Revolutionizing Raster Performance and usage. In http://support.pitneybowes.com/VFP05_KnowledgeWithSidebarHowTo?id=kA180000000CtysCAC&popup=false&lang=en_US
GrindGIS, (2018). Limitations or Challenges of GIS. In https://grindgis.com/remote-sensing/limitations-or-challenges-of-gis
Dempsey C. What Can You Do With GIS? October, 2012. In https://www.gislounge.com/what-can-you-do-with-gis
Mott, T. L. (2012). Understanding the Development of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) as a Professional Field. ProQuest Dissertations Publishing, 81. DOI:3552129
ArcGIS. (2019, January 22). Retrieved from About ArcGIS: https://www.esri.com/en-us/arcgis/products/arcgis-online/overview
ERDAS Imagine. (2019, 1 22). ERDAS Imagine Brochure. In https://www.hexagongeospatial.com/brochure-pages/erdas-imagine-brochure
QGIS. (2019, 1 23). QGIS. Retrieved from QGIS- The Leading Open Source Desktop GIS: https://qgis.org/en/site/about/index.html
OrbisGIS. (2019, 1 23). OrbisGIS and Opensource GIS Software. In http://orbisgis.org
Copyright (c) 2019 Alexis Daniels, Cris Koutsougeras
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors retain the copyright of their manuscripts, and all Open Access articles are distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided that the original work is properly cited.
Computer Reviews Journal allows the author(s) to retain publishing rights without restrictions.
This Journal is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.