Rape among Mexican youth and young adults
Rape disproportionately affects women and men between the ages of 12 and 24. Using data obtained from the National Longitudinal Youth Survey (ENAJUV, 2010), this study aims to present the prevalence and factors associated with rape among these populations. The results indicated that 2.9 percent of sexually initiated youth and young adults between the ages of 12 to 29 reported having been forced to engage in sexual intercourse at least once in their lives. The multivariate analysis indicates that rape among young adults, but particularly among youth is shaped by social inequalities of gender, generation, ethnic-race affiliation (for example) which structure individual-level experiences, cultural representations, rape scripts and state and institutional responses. These findings are discussed within the context of the social construction of accessible gendered bodies and sexuality in the Mexican context, and within the framework of rape supportive culture and normative heterosexuality prevailing in this country.
Abbey, A., Thomson, L., and McDuffie, D. (1994) 'Alcohol’s Role in Sexual Assault', Drug and Alcohol Abuse Review: 5: 97-123.
Abbey, A., McAuslan, P. and Thomson, L. (1998) 'Sexual Assault Perpetration by College Men: The Role of Alcohol, Misperception of Sexual Intent and Sexual Beliefs and Experiences', Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology 17(2): 167-195.
Acierno, R., Resnick, H., Kilpatrick, G., Saunders, B. and Best, C. (1999), 'Risk Factors for Rape, Physical Assault, and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Women: Examination of Differential Multivariate Relationships', Journal of Anxiety Disorders 13 (6): 541–563.
Bachman, R. (2012) 'Measuring Rape and Sexual Assault: Successive Approximations to Consensus", Paper Presented at The National Academy of Sciences, Washington DC., june 6.
Comisión Ejecutiva de Atención a Víctimas (2015) Resultados preliminares del diagnóstico sobre la atención de la violencia sexual en México. Resumen ejecutivo. México: CEAV/ comité de violencia.
Child Trends (2014) Adolescents Who Have Ever Been Raped. Bethesda: Data Bank.
Chourdhary, E., Coben, J. and Bossaerte, R. (2010) 'Adverse Health Outcomes, Perpetrator Characteristics, and Sexual violence victimization among US adult males', Interpersonal violence 25: 1523-1541.
Consejo Ciudadano para la Seguridad Pública y la Justicia Penal (2012) La violencia en los municipios de México 2012. CDMX: CCSPJP.
Davis, M. (1996) 'Rape in the Workplace, South Dakota Law Review 41: 411-420.
Finkelhor, D., Hotaling, G., Lewis, I. and Smith, C. (1990) 'Sexual abuse in a national survey of adult men and women: Prevalence, characteristics, and risk factors', Child Abuse & Neglect 14(1): 19-28.
Fisher, B. (2004) Measuring Rape Against Women: The Significance of Survey Questions. Washington: U.S. Department of Justice.
Gavey, N. (2005) Just Sex? The Cultural Scaffolding of Rape. NY: Routledge.
Gordon, M. and Riger, S. (1989) The Female Fear. The Social Cost of Rape. NY: Free Press.
Hirigoyen, M. (2006) Mujeres Maltratadas. Los Mecanismos de la Violencia en la Pareja. Barcelona: Paidós.
Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Geografía (2007) Panorama de Violencia Contra las Mujeres, ENDIREH 2006. CDMX: INEGI.
Jewkes, R., Sen, P. and García-Moreno, C. (2002) 'Sexual violence', in E. Krug, L. Dahlberg, J. Mercy, A., Zwi and R. Lozano (eds), World Report on Violence and Health, pp.149-181. Geneva: World Health Organization.
Jewkes, R., Nduna, M., Jama, N., Chirwa, E. and Dunk, K. (2016), 'Understanding the Relationships between Gender Inequitable Behaviours, Childhood Trauma and Socio-Economic Status in Single and Multiple Perpetrator Rape in Rural South Africa: Structural Equation Modelling', PLoS ONE 11(5): 1-14.
Lisak, D. (1991) 'Sexual Aggression, Masculinity and Fathers', Signs 16 (2): 238-262.
Marcus, S. (2002) 'Fighting Bodies, Fighting Words: A Theory and Politics of Rape Prevention', in J. Butler and J. Scott (eds) Feminist theorize the political. Practical approaches in contemporary feminism, pp.385-406. NY: Routledge.
National Institute of Justice (2006) Extent, Nature, and Consequences of Rape Victimization: Findings From the National Violence Against Women Survey. Washington, DC: National Institute of Justice.
National Sexual Violence Resource Center (2012) Sexual Violence and the Workplace. Overview. Enola, PA: National Sexual Violence Resource Center.
Omari, R.; Ondicho, N.; and Kungu, D. (2014) 'Prevalence of Sexual Violence Among Individuals of Different Socio-Economic Status in Eldoret Municipality, Kenya', Journal Of Humanities And Social Science 19(9):58-69.
Peterson, R. and Bayley, W. (1992) 'Rape Dimensions of Gender Socioeconomic Inequality in U.S. Metropolitan Areas', Journal of research in Crime and delinquency 29(2): 162-177.
Potter, S. and Banyard, V. (2011) 'The Victimization Experiences of Women in The Workforce: Moving beyond single categories of work or violence', Violence and Victims 26: 513-532.
Saltzman, L. (2004) 'Issues Related to Defining and Measuring Violence Against Women: Response to Kilpatrick', Journal Of Interpersonal Violence 19:1235-1243.
Scully D. (1988) 'Convicted Rapist Perceptions of Self and Victims Role Taking and Emotions, Gender and Society 2 (2): 200-213.
Sexual Violence Research Initiative (SVRI) (2010) Violencia Sexual en Latinoamérica y el Caribe: Análisis de Datos Secundarios. Pretoria: Sexual Violence Research Initiative.
Sinozich S. and Langton, L. (2014) Rape and Sexual Assault Victimization Among College-Age Females, 1995–2013.Washington, DC: US Department of Justice.
Sosa-Sánchez, I., Erviti, J. and Menkes, C (2012) 'Los significados del cuerpo: haciendo cuerpo haciendo género. Un estudio de caso con jóvenes Mexicanos', La ventana 35: 255-290.
United Nations (2015) The world's women. Trends and statistics. NY: UN.
United Nations Children's Fund (2012) Hidden in plain sight. A statistical analysis of violence against children. NY:UNICEF.
Whittier, N. (2016) 'Where Are the Children? theorizing the Missing Piece in Gendered Sexual Violence', Gender and Society 30(1): 95-108.
Wilsnack, S., Vogeltanz, N., Klassen, N. and Harris T. (1997) 'Childhood sexual abuse and women’s substance abuse: National survey findings', Journal of Studies on Alcohol 58: 264 271.
World Health Organization (2002) World report on violence and health. Geneve Switzerland: WHO.
Yuan N., Koss, M., Polacca, M. and Goldman, M. (2006) 'Risk factors for physical assault and rape among six Native American tribes', Journal of Interpersonal Violence 21(12):1566-90.
Copyright (c) 2018 SOCIALSCI JOURNAL
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors retain the copyright of their manuscripts, and all Open Access articles are distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided that the original work is properly cited.