Herdsmen Debacle in Nigeria: The Implication on Stability and Food Security.
The associated crises with herdsmen and farmers activities in Nigeria have become worrisome in the recent time. Such crises have affected negatively, the supply of food in one hand, and stability on the other hand. Most farmers have lost their life and property, while, some have been forced to vacate their farmland and relocate to safe environment for fear of attack by the herdsmen. Despite the various attempts by individuals, organizations and government at addressing this menance, the needless crisis has continued unabated. Based on this, the paper examined the various factors responsible for herdsmen clashes with farmers and the effect of such on stability and food security. The paper employed the use of secondary data for its analysis. It was observed that the crisis was as a result of natural climate change, pressure on land resource, destruction of crops and cattle rustling. The paper recommended semi-intensive system of farming, ranching, restricted open grazing and the use of traditional and native approach for conflict resolution.
Adetula, D. (2016). Understanding the Fulani Herdsmen Crisis in Nigeria: Here is Everything you Need to know. Retrieved from https//www.ventures Africa.com/ weekly – economic- index- foreign- reserves- continue- to rise- oil- price. Consulted on April 25th, 2018.
Bello, A.U (2013). Herdsmen and Farmers conflicts in North – Eastern Nigeria: Causes, Repercussions and Resolutions. Academic Journal of Interdisciplinary studies, 2 (5)
Chandan, S. (2004). Political and social stability: Ideas, paradoxes and prospects. Economic and Political Weekly, 39(48) pp.5101-5105.
Ekanola, B. A. (2004). Beyond Isolation, Towards Cooperative Relations and the Resolution of Ethnic Conflicts in contemporary African Society CODES RIA Bulletin, 3 and 4: 35-37
Food and Agricultural Organisation. (1996). Rome Declaration on World Food Security and World Food Summit plan of Action. World Food Summit 13-17 November 1996, Rome.
Hocker, J. L and Wilmot, W. (1985). Interpersonal Conflict. Dubuque. Iowa: WMC Brown.
Ngwodo, C. (2018). Nigerian Herdsmen crisis: What is at stake? The Vanguard, January 11, 2018. Lagos.
Tonah, S. (2006). Managing Farmer – Herder Conflicts in Ghana’s Volta Basin. Ibadan Journal of the Social Sciences, 4(1). Pp 33-45.
Toromade, S. (2018). Benue Crisis. What you need to know about Fulani Herdsmen, Anti – open Grazing Law, Miyetti Allah. Freedom online
Udeh, C. (2018). How Climate Change is provoking Clashes between Herdsmen and Farmers in Nigeria. Retrieved from http//the ecologist.org/2018/fed/22/horo-climate-change-in Nigeria. Consulted on April 20th, 2018.
United Nations, (1975). Report of the World Food Conference. Rome, 5-16 November 1974, New York.
Copyright (c) 2018 SOCIALSCI JOURNAL
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors retain the copyright of their manuscripts, and all Open Access articles are distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided that the original work is properly cited.