Socioeconomic Status of Local Communities and Their Relationship with Coastal Mangroves in Mirsarai, Chittagong, Bangladesh

  • Dr. Anwar Hossain Choudhury University of Chittagong
Keywords: Four-component reaction, Caffeine, Green catalyst, Aldehyde, Pyrano[2,3-c] pyrazole

Abstract

Coastal communities are mostly dependent on coastal resources for their social and economic needs.  Mangroves are productive ecosystem with a complex interaction among people and resources. The present study was aimed to assess the socio-economic aspects of coastal communities who have been living within the boundary of Domkhali, Mogadia and Bamunsundor coastal villages at Mirsarai, Chittagong. In the three villages, 90 respondents (30 respondents from each village) were interviewed for primary data collection using a semi-structured questionnaire. From the study, it was observed that male and female respondents of age class (31-40 years) extracted maximum amount of resources having family size 5-7 numbers. Most of the respondents had no institutional education. The respondents who were engaged in fishing were the main extractor of resources (BDT 359035.3) followed by agriculture (BDT 231900), Businessman (BDT 109562.5), day labor (BDT 90800), housewife (BDT 80236.4) and others (BDT 100800). In this study, it was found that maximum 50% respondents in Domkhali got very low income of BDT < 10000 followed by Bamunsundor (30%) and Mogadia (20%). In three villages 93% household belonged to kacha house whereas only 7% was semi-pacca and not a single person had pacca house. Maximum respondents of Bamunsundor village (90%) had livestock followed by Mogadia (80%) and Domkhali (60%). When calculated the village wise resource extraction, it was found that maximum extracted resources were recorded in Domkhali (47%) followed by Mogadia (37%) and Bamunsundor (16%). This study suggested for creating the scope of higher education for the local residents who will be engaged in other professions avoiding much dependency of mangrove resources. Alternative income generating activities should be provided by government and NGOs for controlling the excessive resource collection ensuring social- economic and environmental balance.

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Author Biography

Dr. Anwar Hossain Choudhury, University of Chittagong

Associate Professor, Department of Sociology, University of Chittagong, Bangladesh.

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Published
2019-04-17
How to Cite
Choudhury, D. A. H. (2019). Socioeconomic Status of Local Communities and Their Relationship with Coastal Mangroves in Mirsarai, Chittagong, Bangladesh. SOCIALSCI JOURNAL, 3, 360-371. Retrieved from http://purkh.com/index.php/tosocial/article/view/327
Section
Research Articles