Climate Change and Food Security Assessing The Impact of Climatic And Socio-Economic Factors On Food Security In India And Thailand: An Empirical Analysis
Assessing the impact of climatic and socio-economic factors on food security in India and Thailand: An empirical analysis
This study investigates the food security of 13 Indian states during 1985-2009 and 56 provinces of Thailand during 2008-2011. For the above-mentioned investigation, state-wise food security index (FSI) for India, and province-wise FSI for Thailand are created using three key components of food security (i.e., food availability, food stability, and food accessibility). Thereupon, it assesses the influence of climatic and non-climatic factors on constructed FSI using rosbust linear regression models. FSI is generated using state-wise and provinces-wise panel data for India and Thailand, respectively. 26 key determinants of food security for India and 18 key determinants of food security for Thailand are compiled to create FSI for both the economies. For this, Composite Z-score technique is used. Empirical results based on Driscoll-Kraay standard errors regression model imply that climatic factors have a negative influence on FSI in both countries. Poverty and food security have a causal relationship and vice-versa in India. Government expenditure on infrastructure development and agricultural R&D; irrigated area; applications of green fertilizer in cultivation; protection of natural resources and participation of literate persons in the agricultural sector would be effective to reduce negative consequences of climatic factors on agricultural production activities and food security in India and Thailand.
Abdullah, Zhou D., Shah T., Ali S., Ahmad W., Din I.U. and Ilyas A. (2019). Factors affecting household food security in rural northern hinterland. Journal of the Saudi Society of Agricultural Sciences, 18(2):201-210.
Adenegan K.O., Oladele O.I. and Ekpo M.N. (2004). Impact of agricultural export on food security in Nigeria. Food, Agriculture & Environment, 2(1):107-112.
Ahmad J., Alam, D. and Haseen S. (2011). Impact of climate change on agriculture and food security in India. International Journal of Agricultural Environmental and Bio-technology, 4 (2):129-137.
Akter S. and Basher S.A. (2014). The impact of food price and income stocks on household food security and economic well-being: Evidence from rural Bangladesh. Global Environmental Change, 25(1):150-162.
Attavanich W. (2018). How is climate change affecting Thailand’s agriculture? A literature review with policy update. MPRA Paper No. 90255. https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/90255/.
Ashraf S.N. and Singh A.K. (2019). Does entrepreneurship ecosystem have a long-term relationship with economic Growth in selected economies? A statistical investigation. In Misra S., Shukla S. and Batthini G. (Eds.). Proceedings of the 13th Biennial Conference on Entrepreneurship Organized by EDII Ahmedabad during Feb 20-22, 2019, 1(1):176-187. New Delhi: Bookwell Publishing House.. http://library.ediindia.ac.in:8181/xmlui/handle/123456789/7903.
Arcanjo M. (2019). Climate change and the public health dilemma in India. A Climate Institue Publication, New York, Washington DC. http://climate.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/06/Climate-Change-and-the-Public-Health-Dilemma-in-India.pdf.
Demeke A.B., Keil A. and Zeller M. (2011). Using Panel Data to Estimate the Effect of Rainfall Shock on Smallholders Food Security and Vulnerability in Rural Ethiopia. Climate Change, 108:185-206.
Ekasingh B., P. Gypmantasiri, K. Thong-ngam and P. Grudloyma (2004). Maize in Thailand: Production System, Constraints, and Research Priorities. Mexico, D.F., CIMMYT.
Faridi R., Wadood S.N. (2010). An econometric assessment of household food security in Bangladesh. The Bangladesh Development Studies, 33(3), 97-111.
Felkner J., Tazhibayeva K. and Townsend R. (2009). Impact of climate change on rice production in Thailand. American Economic Review, 99(2):205-210.
Dev S.M., and Sharma A.N. (2010). Food security in India: Performance, challenges and policies. Oxfam India Working Paper Series 08, New Delhi.
Isvilanonda S. and Bunyasiri I. (2009). Food Security in Thailand: Status, Rural Poor Vulnerability, and Some Policy Options. ARE Working Paper, 2552/1.
Kumar A. and Sharma P. (2013). Impact of climate variation on agricultural productivity and food security in rural India. Economics Discussion Papers, No. 2013-43, Kiel Institute for the World Economy. http://www.economics-ejournal.org/economics/discussionpapers/2013-43.
Kumar, A., and Sharma P. (2013a). Climate sensitivity and agriculture productivity in India: A crop-wise analysis. Proceedings of the 7th Biennial Conference 2013 of the Indian Society for Ecological Economics (INSEE) on ‘Global Change, Ecosystems, Sustainability’, Organized at Tezpur University, Tezpur (Assam), [December 05-08, 2013]. Indian Society for Ecological Economics, New Delhi. http://ecoinsee.org/conference/conf_papers/conf_paper_49.pdf.
Kumar A., Ahmad M.M. and Sharma P. (2015c). Carbon emission and global food security: A cross country analysis. PENCIL Publication of Agricultural Sciences, 2(1):7-24.
Kumar A., Ahmad M.M., and Sharma P. (2017). Influence of climatic and non-climatic factors on sustainable food security in India: A statistical investigation. International Journal Sustainable Agricultural Management and Informatics, 3(1):1-30.
Kumar A., Sharma P. and Ambrammal S.K. (2014). Climatic effects on food grain productivity in India: A crop wise analysis. Journal of Studies and Dynamics and Change, 1(1):38-48.
Kumar A., Sharma P. and Ambrammal S.K. (2015b). Climatic effects on sugarcane productivity in India: A stochastic production function application. International Journal Economics and Business Research, 10(2):179-203.
Kumar, A., Sharma, P., and Joshi S. (2015a). Effect of climatc factors on agricultural productivity in India: A state-wise panel data analysis. International Journal of Basic and Life Sciences, 3(1):48-67.
Kumar, A., Sharma P., and Joshi S. (2016). Assessing the impact of climate change on land productivity in Indian crop agriculture: An evidence from panel data analysis. Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology, 18(1):1-13.
Kawasaki J. and Herath S. (2011). Impact assessment of climate change on rice production in Khon Kaen province, Thailand. Journal of ISSAAS, 17 (2):14-28.
Marks D. (2011). Climate change and Thailand: Impact and response. Contemporary Southeast Asia, 33(2):229-58.
Murali, J., and Afifi, T. (2014). Rainfall variability, food security, and human mobility in the Janjgir-Champa district of Chhattisgarh state, India. Climate and Development, 6(1):28-37, DOI:10.1080/17565529.2013.867248.
Richardson R.B. (2010). Ecosystem services and food security: Economic perspectives on environmental sustanability. Sustainability, 2(2):3520-3548.
Rukhsana (2011). Dimension of Food Security in a Selected State-Uttar Pradesh. Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development, 3(2):29-41.
Scanlan S. J. (2001). Food availability and access in lesser-industrialized societies: a test and interpretation of Neo-Malthusian and technoecological theories. Sociological Forum, 16(2), 231-262.
Shakeel A., Jamal A. and Zaidy N. (2012). A Regional Analysis of Food Security in Bundelkhand Region (Uttar Pradesh, India). Journal of Geography and Regional Planning, 5(9):252-262.
Sharma, P., and Singh A.K. (2017). Association of state-wise food security index with climatic factors in India: Evidence from state-wse panel data. Journal lof Global Agrculture and Ecology, 6(3):196-205.
Singh A.K. (2018). Influence of climatic and non-climatic factors on global food security index: A cross country-wise analysis. Socialsci Journal, 1(1):22-35.
Singh A.K. and Issac J. (2018). Impact of clmatic and non-climatic factors on sustainable livelihood securty in Gujarat state of India: A statistical exploration. Agriculture and Food Sciences Research, 5(1):30-46.
Singh A.K. and Shamra P. (2018). Implications of climatic and non-climatic variables on food security in Developing economies: A conceptual review. MOJ Food Process Technol, 6(1):1-13.
Singh A.K. and Shamra P. (2018a). Measuring the productivity of food-grain crops in different climate change scenarios in India: An evidence from time series investigation. Climate Change, 4(16):661-673.
Singh A.K., Ahmad M.M. and Sharma P. (2017a). Implications of socioeconomic factors on food security in selected economies: An empirical assessment. Journal of Global Economics, Management and Business Research, 8(2):103-115.
Singh A.K., Issac J. and Narayanan K.G.S. (2019a). Measurment of environmental sustainability index and its association with socio-economic indicators in selected Asian economies: An empirical investigation. International Journal Environment and Sustainable Development, 18(1):57-100.
Singh A.K., Narayanan K.G.S. Sharma P. (2019b). Measurement of technical efficiency of clmatic and non-climatic factors in sugarcane farming in Indian states: Use of stochastic frontier production function approach. Climate Change, 5(29):150-166.
Singh A.K. and Jyoti B. (2019). Measuring the climate variablity impact on cash crops farming in India: An empirical investigation. Agriculture and Food Sciences Research, 6(2):155-165.
Singh A.K., Sharma P. and Singh D.S. (2016). Measuring the influence of weather variables on productivity of food-grain crops in India: An application of Just & Pope’s pruduction technique. ABBS Management Business and Entrepreneurship Review, 7(2):29-46.
Sitthisuntikul K., Yossuck P. and Limnirankul B. (2018). How does organic agriculture contribute to food security of small land holders?: A case study in the North of Thailand. Cogent Food & Agriculture, 4(1):1-12.
Smith D.M. (1973). The Geography of Social Well Being in United States. New York, Amol Heinman, (78).
Suttinon P., Bhatti A. M.and Nasu S. (2010). Impact of Climate Change on Rice Water Demand and Food Security: Case of Thailand and Vietnam. Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology, 4(6):63-70.
Swaminathan M.S. (1998). Population, environment and food security. Journal of the Indian Society of Agricultural Statistics, 51(2-3):99-112.
Waibel H., Pahlisch T.H., and Völker M. (2018). Farmers’ Perceptions of and Adaptations to Climate Change in Southeast Asia: The Case Study from Thailand and Vietnam. In: Lipper L., McCarthy N., Zilberman D., Asfaw S., Branca G. (eds) Climate Smart Agriculture. Natural Resource Management and Policy, Vol 52. Springer, Cham.
Warr P. (2014). Food insecurity and its determinants. Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, 58(1):519-537.
Zhai, F. and Zhuang, J. (2009). Agriculture impact of climate change: A general equilibrium analysis with special reference to Southeast Asia. ADBI Working Paper Series, 131.
Ye L., Xiong W., Li Z., Yang P., Wu W., Yang G., Fu Y., Zou J., Chen Z., Ranst E.V, Tang H. (2013) Climate change impact on China food security in 2050, Agron. Sustain. Dev., 33, 363–374.
Copyright (c) 2019 Ajay Kumar Singh, Dr. Bhim Jyoti2
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors retain the copyright of their manuscripts, and all Open Access articles are distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided that the original work is properly cited.
SOCIALSCI JOURNAL allow the author(s) to retain publishing rights without restrictions.
This Journal is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.