Impact of climate Change on Agriculture and Food Security in Nigeria


  • Eneji Mathias Agri University of Jos, Nigeria


Climate Change, Food Security, Waste Management, Agricultural Production


This research work examined the impact of Climate change on agriculture and Food Security in Nigeria from 1998 to 2018. The study adopted secondary data and the Ordinary Least Square (OLS) technique, involving a multiple regression model to analyze the causal relationship and coefficient of determination of climate change on food production and food security, as well as considering Agricultural Technology Innovation as alternative solution to the problems of climatic changes in Agriculture. The study employed annual time series data sourced from C.B.N. Statistical Bulletin. Agricultural Output was used as a proxy for Food security (dependent variable). Annual Rainfall and carbon dioxide were used as proxies for Climate change while Value Added in Agriculture and Government Expenditure on Agriculture were used as proxies for Agricultural Technology Innovation. The regression result revealed that there is a negative relationship between the dependent variable Agricultural Output (AO) and the independent variables Average Rainfall (ARF) and Carbon dioxide (Co2), as revealed by the values of their coefficients (-0.341801 and -20.56647). This result indicated that Climate change is not healthy for Food Security in Nigeria. The OLS result also revealed that there is a negative relationship between Agricultural Output and Value Added in Agriculture while there is a positive relationship between Agricultural Output and Government Expenditure as shown by the values of their coefficients (-0.102 and 4.58). The study recommended that the government should take proactive steps in addressing environmental problems which includes effective management of waste, flood and erosion.


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

Eneji Mathias Agri, University of Jos, Nigeria

Department of Economics


Adedoyin, J.A., (1989), Initiation of West African Squal Lines. Geography of West Africa.

Adejuwon, J., (2005), Food Crop Production in Nigeria I. Present effects of Climate Variability. Climate Research, 30:1, 53-60.

Adejuwon, J.O., (2006). Food Crop Production in Nigeria II: Potential Effects of Climate Change. Climate Research. 32:229-245.

Adeyeye, P., (2017).Climate Change and Food Security in Nigeria. A Behemoth impeding Development.

Akintola, O., (2013). Climate Change, the Dry and Wet Seasons of West Africa.

Ayinde, O.E., Muchie, M., Grace, B. O., (2011). Effects of Climate Change on Agricultural Productivity in Nigeria: A co-integration model Approach. Journal of human ecology, Delhi India, 35(3).

Brussel, (2009). Adapting to climate changes: the challenge for European Agriculture and Rural Areas. Commission of the European Communities. Commission working Staff working Document accompanying the white paper No. 147.

Chimobi, V. O., and Chizoba, O., (2015). Food Security in Nigeria: An examination of food availability and accessibility in Nigeria: International Journal of Economics and Management Engineering. 9(9), 2011 Development.

Edward, P., (2002). Food Security; Concepts and measurement. A Journal of FAO.

Enete, A., Anselm, M., and Taofeeq, A., A., (2010). Challenges of Agricultural Adaptation to Climate Change in Nigeria. Department of Agricultural Economics University of Nsukka Nigeria.

Eviews 9 user guide, California: HIS global incorporated .

FEWSNET, (2016).

Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO)., (2001). Farming Systems and Poverty: Improving Farmer’s livelihoods in a challenging world. FAO, Rome, Italy.

Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO)., (2007). Climate Change and Food Security. FAO Rome, Italy.

Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO)., (2008). Climate Change and Food Security: A framework Document. United Nations.

Food and Agricultural Organization(FAO).,(2008). Hunger on the Rise.

Granger, C.W., & Newbold, P., (1974). Spurious regression in Econometrics. Journal of Econometrics, 2 (2), 111-120.

Gujarati, D.N. & Porta, D.C., (2009). Basic Econometrics. Singapore: McGraw Hill Book Co.

Holly, S., Randal J., Susan C., (2018). Global climate change. National Space Agency (NASA).

Ibrahim, Y., EL-Ladan (2014). Climate Change and Food Security in Nigeria. A Publication of Umaru Musa Yar’adua University Katsina.

Idowu, A., Ayoola, S.O., A.I Opele, and Ikenweiwe N. B., (2011). Impact of Climate Change in Nigeria. Iranica Journal of Energy and Environment. A Publication of Babol Noshirvani, University of Technology. 2(2):145-152, 2011.

Ikponmwosa, A., (2016). The role of Agriculture in Nigerian Economy:

Intergovernmental Panel for Climate Change (IPCC) (2007). Summary for Policy Makers in: Climate Change 2007: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability. Fourth Assessment Report Cambridge University Press Cambridge UK 7-22.

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) (2014). Global Food policy report. A journal of IFPRI.

International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) (2007). Rural Poverty in Nigeria: Agriculture in the Federal Republic of Nigeria.

Khanal, R.C., (2009). Climate Change and Organic Agriculture. Journal of Agriculture and Environment. 10:100-110.

Kitan, W., (2018). Unlocking Nigeria’s agricultural potential.

Koutsoyiannis, A., (2003). Theory of Econometrics, Second Edition. New York: PALGRAVE

Lewis, A., (2017). Climate change:

Macmilan, A., (2016). Global warming 101. NRDC.

Madu, D.B., Gundiri, M.N., Musa, I.K., Nwa, E.U., Adamu, M.S., Bala, M.S., Jada, A., and Ogunniyi, E.O., (2010). Country Profile – Nigeria Abuja: Ministry of Water Resources.

Mark, W,R., Mandy, E., Gary, Y., Lan, B., Saleemu,l H., and Rowena, V.S.,(2008). Climate Change and Agriculture: Threats and Opportunities. Federal Ministry on Economic Cooperation and Development Germany.

Martinez, V., (2018). Benefits of Modern Agriculture.

Meadu, V., (2012). Agricultural Technologies for Food Security. CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security.

Medugu, N.I., (2008). Nigerian Climate Change – A Threat to the County’s Development.

Michell, Z., (2014). Emerging Agricultural Technologies. Policy Horizon Canada.

Mojisola, O., (2016). Food Security in Nigeria and the world by 2050:

Nigeria Special Report, (2016). FEWSNET (Farming Early Warning Systems Network,)

Odumu, M., E., (2018). Impact of Global economic Crisis on the Nigerian Agricultural Sector. Department of Economics, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Jos. Nigeria.

Osuafor, A.M., and Nnorom, N.R., (2014). Impact of Climate Change on Food Security in Nigeria: Journalof Science and Technology, 3(1).

Osuala, E.C., (2001). Introduction to Research Methodology, Third Edition. Onitsha: Africana Fep publishing Ltd.

Panneerselvam, R., (2006). Research Methodology, Third Edition, Prentice Hall.

Peter, E. A., (2012). An assessment of the rainfall and temperature variations in parts of Northern Nigeria.Department of Geography and Planning, Faculty of Environment Sciences University of Jos. Nigeria

Saheed, and Isa., (2017). Climate Impacts on Agriculture and Food Supply. United States Environmental Protection Agency.

Saraki, B., (2017). Optimizing the potentials of Nigerian Agricultural Sector through value chain addition.

Schmidhuber, J., and Francesco, N.T., (2007). Global Food Security under Climate Change. National Academy of Science U.S.A 2007. 104(50).

Seweda, L., and Laura, O., (2018). Climate Change and Food Security; the threats and hopes for Nigeria: A Journal of Nigerian Affairs.

Skullerud, R., (2018). Climate Change Impacts on Hunger. World Food Program.

USDA, Foreign Agricultural Service (2017). Grain and Feed Annual Nigeria. Global Agricultural Information Network.

William, T.O., (1998). Multiple uses of common pool Resources in Semi Arid West Africa; A survey of existing practices and options for sustainable Resource Management, ODI Natural Resources Perspectives. 38:2-3.

Willie, O.S., Abiodun, A., Egbetokun, I. O., Olumuyiwa O. O., Helen O., Mohammed S., (2012). Indigenous Technologies and Innovation in Nigeria; Opportunities for SMEs: American Journal of Industrial and Business Management, 2012, 2: 64-75.

World Atlas (2017)., https//

Ziervogel, G., Nyong, A., Osman, B., Conde, C., Cortes, S., and Dowing T., (2006). Climate Variability and Change: Implications for Household Food and Security. Assessments of Impacts and Adaptations to Climate Change (AIACC) working Paper No; 20.

Zoellick, and Robert B., (2009). A Climate Smart Future. The Nation Newspaper Vintage Press Limited Lagos Nigeria Pg. 18.



How to Cite

Eneji Mathias Agri. (2020). Impact of climate Change on Agriculture and Food Security in Nigeria. SOCIALSCI JOURNAL, 6, 41-59. Retrieved from



Research Articles