Effective learning with the help of animals
International studies show that children, when asked to list different species, generally talk about animals that are not found in their own environment. Remarkable and extraordinary vertebrates, especially mammals, are mentioned whereas small animals (invertebrates and insects) are hardly ever discussed. An insufficient awareness of invertebrates seems to be culturally universal and can be found in different countries and continents. Experiential learning and a direct animal encounter are suggested as a means for a modern environmental education to address issues of biodiversity. In this study we assessed attitudes towards animals of 57 students before and after a presentation of living animals which was undertaken during their lessons. We compared the answers they gave in their questionnaires with those of 50 students from a control group. Results suggest that the presentation of animals leads to more positive attitudes towards the listed animals.
Frobel, D. und Schlumprecht, D. (2014). Erosion der Artenkenner. Nürnberg: BUND Naturschutz in Bayern e.V.
Louv, R. (2005). Last child in the woods: Saving our children from nature-deficit disorder. Chapel Hill, NC: Algonquin Books.
Drissner, J., Haase, H.-M., Wittig, S., & Hille, K. (2013). Short-term environmental education: long-term effectiveness? Journal of Biological Education, DOI: 10.1080/00219266.2013.799079.
Patrick, P., Byrne, J., Tunnicliffe, S. D., Asunta, T., Carvalho, G., Hava-Nuutinen, S.,
Sigurjónsdóttir, H., Òskarsdóttir, G. and Tracana, R. B. (2013). Students (ages 6, 10, and 15 years) in six countries knowledge of animals. NORDINA, Vol. 9 (1): 18-32
Snaddon, J. L., Turner, E. C. and Foster, W. A. (2008). Children´s perceptions of rainforest biodiversity: Which animals have the lions´s share of environmental awareness? PLoS ONE, 3/7, e2579: 1-5.
Lindemann-Matthies, P. (2006). Investigating nature on the way to school: Responses to an educational programme by teachers and their pupils. International Journal of Science Education, 28(8): 895-918.
Piper, R. (2014): Unbekannter Planet: Die erstaunliche Vielfalt unsere Tierwelt. Theiss-Verlag.
Davey , G. C. L., Mc Donald, A. S. , Hirisave, U. , Prabhu, G. G., Iwawaki, S., Jim, C. I., Merckelbach, H., Jong de, P. J., Leung, P. W. L., Reimann, B. C. (1998). A cross-cultural study of animal fears, Behaviour Research And Therapy 36: 735-750.
Rockström, J., Steffen, W., Noone, K., Persson, A., Chapin, F. S., Lambin, E. F., Lenton, T. M., Scheffer, M., Folke, C., Schellnhuber, H. J., Nykvist, B., de Wit, C. A., Hughes, T., van der Leeuw, S., Rodhe, H., Sörlin, S., Snyder, P. K., Costanza, R., Svedin, U., Falkenmark, M., Karlberg, L., Corell, R. W., Fabry, V. J., Hansen, J., Walker, B., Liverman, D., Richardson, K., Crutzen, P. and Foley, J. A. (2009). A safe operating space for humanity. Nature, 461: 472-475.
Fawcett, L. (2002). Children´s wild animal stories: questioning inter-species bonds. Canadian Journal of Environmental Education, 7(2): 125-139.
Wagler, R. and Wagler, A. (2011). Arthropods: Attitude and incorporation in preservice elementary teachers. International Journal of Environmental & Science Education, 6(3), 229-250.
Drissner, J., Bertrand, M., Hille, K. (2014). Learning effectively outside school with the help of a zoo school. IZE (International Zoo Educators) Journal. 50/2014, 11-13.
Copyright (c) 2018 SOCIALSCI JOURNAL
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors retain the copyright of their manuscripts, and all Open Access articles are distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided that the original work is properly cited.
SOCIALSCI JOURNAL allow the author(s) to retain publishing rights without restrictions.