SOCIALSCI JOURNAL http://purkh.com/index.php/tosocial <p>The principal purpose of the journal is to publish scholarly work in the&nbsp;<strong>social sciences</strong>&nbsp;defined in the classical sense, that is in the social sciences, the humanities, and the natural sciences. The research that is published may take a theoretical or speculative model as well as statistical and mathematical. Contributions are welcome from all fields which have relevant and insightful comments to make about the social sciences.</p> en-US <p>Authors retain the copyright of their manuscripts, and all Open Access articles are distributed under the terms of the&nbsp;<a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/">Creative Commons Attribution License</a>, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided that the original work is properly cited.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> tosocial@purkh.com (Malyadri Pacha) editor@purkh.com (Gurdev Singh) Fri, 09 Nov 2018 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 3.1.1.2 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Ecology and Proletarianisation: Increasing Need for Attention http://purkh.com/index.php/tosocial/article/view/134 <p>This brief article argues three points with an illustrative case study: a) proletarianisation is&nbsp; increasingly also caused by ecological reasons; b) this is significant for India from regions such as Telangana, Bundelkhand, to Vidarbha and many other parts ; c) this phenomenon of ecology induced proletarianisation is however indirectly owing to accumulation of capital&nbsp; on global scale. The article also argues that this phenomenon affects agriculture in the global South far more adversely.</p> Anil Kumar Vaddiraju ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://purkh.com/index.php/tosocial/article/view/134 Fri, 09 Nov 2018 00:00:00 +0000 The Separation of Property and Control and its Costs a Century-Old Problem that Seems Modern http://purkh.com/index.php/tosocial/article/view/136 <p>The Agency Costs resulting from the conflict between principals and agents, due to the separation of ownership and control in the capitalist enterprise, was analyzed in many works of the last century. Could we assume that the current globalization of companies has increased the differences between principals and agents? Does this scenario lead to an increase in Agency Costs in those companies with the greatest presence in the global economy? The objective of this article is to compile studies that will allow us to answer these questions affirmatively and conclude that large transnational, multinational or global companies involve higher Agency Costs than those that remain within national borders.</p> José G. Vargas-Hernández, Yoeslandy García Marsilio ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://purkh.com/index.php/tosocial/article/view/136 Fri, 09 Nov 2018 08:32:02 +0000 The The Legal System in Relation to International Adoption in Spain: Present and Future http://purkh.com/index.php/tosocial/article/view/137 <p>International adoptions are an increasingly common assumption in a globalized society. The Spanish legal system through the International Adoption Act fully resolves the classical problems of private international law. In addition, a new regulation is planned to develop the more complex aspects such as the accreditation regime of certification entities.</p> Alfonso Ortega Giménez ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://purkh.com/index.php/tosocial/article/view/137 Fri, 09 Nov 2018 08:34:13 +0000 THE Morphological Classification and Protection of The Central Coastline: Implications for Coastal Erosion Management in Ghana http://purkh.com/index.php/tosocial/article/view/138 <p>The study sought to classify the coastline between Cape Coast and Sekondi and to evaluate the measures put in place to manage and control sea erosion. It involved field observation and community interactions. Satellite and photographic images were used to present the data with the help of Geographic Information System (GIS). It was observed that the central coastline is made of alternating sandy and rocky characteristics. The rocks around Cape Coast were mainly metamorphosed schist, originating from igneous and metamorphic outcrops. Those from Komenda to Sekondi were mostly Sekondi sandstone. In all, it can be said that about 40-45% of the coastline under study that is, between Ekon and Sekondi, is rocky and mainly made up of granite and sandstone.&nbsp; It was also revealed that both hard and soft structures have been used as sea defense mechanisms to manage and protect the shoreline. There is both governmental and community initiatives to ameliorate the dangers of coastal erosion. The paper therefore recommends that human activities that aggravate the natural causes of sea erosion should be stopped. Moreover, any attempt to control sea erosion should be done based on the nature of the coastline and also with the involvement of the local communities to ensure commitment and community ownership.</p> Ishmael Yaw Dadson, Kofi Adu-Boahen, Benjamin Kofi Nyarko ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://purkh.com/index.php/tosocial/article/view/138 Fri, 09 Nov 2018 08:34:44 +0000 Towards an Entrepreneurship Curriculum in a Developing Country Tertiary Institution: The Case of Zimbabwe Open University http://purkh.com/index.php/tosocial/article/view/153 <p>Entrepreneurial activities are considered crucial to economic development. In the case of Zimbabwe, unemployment has reached unprecedented levels because of the shutting down of industries. However, economic development can be resuscitated through higher education which is perceived as an instrument for entrepreneurship promotion. The purpose of this study was to investigate the need for an entrepreneurship curriculum in universities in developing countries such as Zimbabwe and the support needed in the implementation of such a curriculum. The study used a qualitative paradigm and adopted a case study design. The instrument used for the study was an open-ended questionnaire (Quester-view) and a study of literature documents was also undertaken. The sample of the study consisted of 14 full time and 10 part time lecturers. The findings were that an entrepreneurship curriculum was highly needed and the content for such a curriculum had to embrace business management courses, vocationalisation of learning and monitoring and evaluation of business operations. These areas were to be infused in every course of the university. The informants suggested that the curriculum was to be imparted using the hands-on methodologies that included field trips, attachments, use of ICT’s, videos, conferences and seminars and guided discovery and projects. Suggestions on assessment strategies and on the support to be offered were also proffered. The study recommended, inter alia, that universities in developing countries should have an entrepreneurship education curriculum across all subject areas, an entrepreneurship curriculum should to go hand in glove with a STEM curriculum in a university, and that there is need for full support of entrepreneurship education from all stakeholders.</p> Silvanos Chirume, Saiden Thondhlana ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://purkh.com/index.php/tosocial/article/view/153 Fri, 09 Nov 2018 08:36:18 +0000 Herdsmen Debacle in Nigeria: The Implication on Stability and Food Security. http://purkh.com/index.php/tosocial/article/view/156 <p>The associated crises with herdsmen and farmers activities in Nigeria have become worrisome in the recent time. Such crises have affected negatively, the supply of food in one hand, and stability on the other hand. Most farmers have lost their life and property, while, some have been forced to vacate their farmland and relocate to safe environment for fear of attack by the herdsmen. Despite the various attempts by individuals, organizations and government at addressing this menance, the needless crisis has continued unabated. Based on this, the paper examined the various factors responsible for herdsmen clashes with farmers and the effect of such on stability and food security. The paper employed the use of secondary data for its analysis. It was observed that the crisis was as a result of natural climate change, pressure on land resource, destruction of crops and cattle rustling. The paper recommended semi-intensive system of farming, ranching, restricted open grazing and the use of traditional and native approach for conflict resolution.</p> Lawal Tolu, Adelakun Olabisi, Akindiyo Oladiran ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://purkh.com/index.php/tosocial/article/view/156 Fri, 09 Nov 2018 08:36:40 +0000 Ownership Structure and Organizational Performance: An Investigation of Food and Beverage Companies in Nigeria http://purkh.com/index.php/tosocial/article/view/165 <p>This study examines the influence of ownership structure dimensions on organizational performance with specific reference to Nigerian Food and Beverage Companies. Ex-post facto research design was adopted for this study because Ex-post facto is a methodological verifiable investigation which cannot be manipulated. The population of this study consist of all the companies listed on the Nigerian Stock Exchange (NSE). The companies listed are classified into twelve industrial sectors, and each sector comprises of homogenous companies.&nbsp; The sample size of the study was selected based on Nigerian Stock Exchange classification of the listed companies into industrial stratum of homogeneous companies of same or similar characteristics, which the food and beverage industry forms a strata. Purposive sampling technique was used to select sixteen (16) listed food and beverage companies. The data collected for this study were extracted from the audited annual financial reports and accounts of the listed food and beverages companies in the Nigerian Stock Exchange (NSE) from 2012-2016. Both Pearson Moment Correlation Coefficient and Linear Regression techniques were employed to analyse the data. Result reveals that managerial ownership, institutional ownership, government ownership and family ownership have no significant influence on organizational performance. Result also indicates that foreign ownership has significant influence on organizational performance. Study concluded that foreign ownership structure is strong predictor of organizational performance, while, managerial ownership structure; government ownership structure and family ownership structure are weak predictors of organizational performance. Subsequently, study recommends that the policy that will encourage foreign direct investment in Nigeria should be aggressively pursued by government.</p> Folorunso O. O, Sajuyigbe Ademola ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://purkh.com/index.php/tosocial/article/view/165 Fri, 09 Nov 2018 08:37:31 +0000 The Dichotomy Between Western and Islamic Democracy: An Eagle View into The Thematic Tenets http://purkh.com/index.php/tosocial/article/view/103 <p>The paper analyses the dichotomy between western and Islamic democracy, X-raying the thematic tenets as point of departure. Using the secondary method, the paper discovers that the dominant trend of monarchical or authoritarian governments in most Muslim states or because of certain events that have taken place within their borders, has been and is frequently used by the west especially to make the claim that Islamic law is not compatible with democracy and that democracy is even neglected in the provisions of the holy Qur’an. The paper concludes that Islamic law according to what can be traced to its primary sources ( Quran and sunnah) does not only support democracy and people’s participation in the state affairs, but even possesses provisions &nbsp;that command counseling and consultation , equality, accountability among others. The paper recommends that in this context, it is suggested that the contemporary Muslim scholars and the jurists must widen the parameters of their knowledge outside the Islamic realm, and must have deep understanding of the Qur’anic sciences in the light of the Sunnah of the prophet, his companion and changed context. They should be experts regarding the wording of the Qur’anic language. The general principles of the Quran are consisted of perfect wording and are universally suitable for all the nations of the world such as principle of equality, justice, public interest and principle to establish a welfare state.</p> Sheriff Ghali Ibrahim, Aliyu Isa Muhammed ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://purkh.com/index.php/tosocial/article/view/103 Fri, 09 Nov 2018 00:00:00 +0000 Privacy as Data Protection: Some Critical Legal Problems http://purkh.com/index.php/tosocial/article/view/166 <p>This paper is presented as a collective contribution of members of the multidisciplinary project <em>Digital Age: New Problems for the Law</em>, funded by the Generalitat Valenciana, which aims at analysing and discussing some crucial impacts that communication and information technologies are having on our legal systems. Our present proposal revolves around the content and reach of a conception of privacy interpreted in an informational sense. The controversial separation of the public and private spheres is particularly troubling nowadays given the current capacity of governments and enterprises to collect and use personal information. Starting with a conceptual approach to the meaning and value of privacy where the cluster of moral pretensions and reasons implied can be a guide to legislative and judicial decisions, the paper goes on to deal with three problems that have been considered worthy of particular attention. First, the recording of communications of customers that financial institutions will accomplish in accordance with the European regulation on market abuse raises particular concern about their impact on privacy. Secondly, the use of video surveillance evidence has been considered by our constitutional jurisprudence specially protected by informational self-determination. But this interpretation can generate an interesting debate about different standards of evidence in social and criminal jurisdictions. Finally, the intrinsic vocation to internationalisation of information flows requires an international legal perspective from which to consider the new European legal regime as well as to reflect on disputes resolution and applicable law.</p> Alfonso Ortega Giménez ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://purkh.com/index.php/tosocial/article/view/166 Fri, 09 Nov 2018 00:00:00 +0000