Electricity Generation from A Microbial Fuel Cell Using Abattoir Waste Water


  • Ifeanyi Njoku Federal University of Technology Owerri
  • Eke B.C Federal University of Technology Owerri
  • Onyeocha E. Federal University of Technology Owerri


Federal University of Technology Owerri, Microbial fuel cell, Biological oxygen demand removal(BOD)


Two dual chamber microbial fuel cells (MFCs) labeled MFC-A and MFC-B were fabricated with agar-agar salt bridge as the proton exchange membrane. Each of the MFCs contained wastewater gotten from an abattoir as the catholyte. The anolyte for MFC-A was potassium ferricyanide with double copper- copper electrodes while the anolyte for MFC-B was potassium permanganate with a single copper–copper electrode. Readings of voltage and current was taken for 10 to 12 hours daily for 14 days, a total of 495 hours. Also, the MFC performance was calculated in terms of various parameters such as Biological oxygen demand (BOD), total dissolved salts (TDS), pH, conductivity and temperature. MFC-A showed a maximum voltage output of 1.812v while MFC-B showed a maximum of 1.718v. The BOD removal efficiency of MFCs A and B was calculated as 78.33% and 72.67% respectively. MFC-A showed an average value of 1.643v on the last day of observation while MFC-B showed an average value of 1.531v on the 14th day. An MFC generates electricity from wastewater. The voltage generated in an MFC is independent on the number of electrodes used, potassium ferricyanide gives a better result than potassium permanganate. BOD removal efficiency increases with the number of electrodes used.


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Ifeanyi Njoku, Federal University of Technology Owerri

Department of Physics, 

Eke B.C, Federal University of Technology Owerri

Department of Physics

Onyeocha E., Federal University of Technology Owerri

Department of Mathematics


Adeleye S.A., Okorondu S. I. (2015). Bioelectricity from students’ hostel wastewater using microbial fuel cell. International journal of Biological and chemical sciences; 9(2): 103-1049.

Allen R.M., Bennetto H.P. (1993) Microbial fuel cells: electricity production from carbohydrates. Journal of Biochemistry and Biotechnology; 39(1):27–40.

Davis F., Higson S.P. (2007). J. Biofuel cells—recent advances and applications. Journal of Biosensors and Bioelectronics;22 (7):1224–1235.

Gil G.C., Chang I.S., Kim B.H., Kim M., Jang J. K., Park H.S, Kim H.J. (2003). Operational parameters affecting the performance of a mediatorless microbial fuel cell. Journal of Biosensors and Bioelectronics; 18 (4):327–334.

Grady C.P.L., Daigger G.T., Lim H.C. (1998). Biological wastewater treatment, second edition. Marcel Dekker: New York.

Habermann W., Pommer E.H. (1991). Biological fuel cells with sulphide storage capacity. Journal of Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology; 35 (1):128–133.

Liu, H., Logan B. E. (2004). Electricity generation using an air-cathode single chamber microbial fuel cell in the presence and absence of a proton exchange membrane. Journal of Environmental science and Technology; 38(14): 4040-4046.

Logan B.E., Regan J.M. (2006). Microbial Fuel Cells—Challenges and Applications. Journal of Environmental Science & Technology; 40: 5172-5180.

Logan B.E. (2008). Microbial fuel cell. John Wiley and Sons Inc. Hoboken, New jersey; ISBN 978-0-470-23948-3.

Lovely D. R. (2006). Microbial fuel cells: novel microbial physiologies and engineering approaches. Journal of Current Opinion in Biotechnology; 17(3):327–332.

Momoh O.L.Y., Neayor B. (2010). Generation of electricity from abattoir wastewater with the aid of a relatively cheap source of catholyte. Journal of applied sciences and environmental management; 14(2): 21-27.

Moon H., Chang I. S., Kim B. H. (2006). Continuous electricity production from artificial wastewater using a mediatorless microbial fuel cell. Journal of Bioresource Technology; 97 (4):621–627.

Suzuki S., karube I., Matsanaga T. (1978) Application of a biochemical fuel cell to wastewater, Journal of Biotechnology and Bioengineering Symposium; 8:501-511.

You S., Zhao Q., Zhang J., Jiang J., Zhao S. (2006). A microbial fuel cell using per manganate as cathodic electron acceptor. Journal of power sources; 162: 1409-1415.




How to Cite

Ifeanyi Njoku, Benedict Eke, & Emeka Onyeocha. (2020). Electricity Generation from A Microbial Fuel Cell Using Abattoir Waste Water. To Physics Journal, 5, 41-50. Retrieved from https://purkh.com/index.php/tophy/article/view/683



Research Articles