Artificial Photosynthesis for Production of Hydrogen Gas for Fuel


  • Given Kalonga The Copperbelt University,
  • Rodrick Katete The Mukuba University,
  • Ededias Texila American University Zambia,
  • Richard Mwenya Levy Mwanawasa Medical University - Lusaka Campus


Artificial Photosynthesis, Water Splitting, Photocatalyst, Hydrogen Fuel, Solar Cell


Photolysis of water is one of the most reliable methods of producing hydrogen fuel to meet the global demand for clean and cheap energy. Over reliance on fossil fuels and hydro-electricity is unsustainable in the era of depleting resources and climate change. Artificial photosynthesis tries to mimic the natural process of photosynthesis that takes place in plants and some bacteria to produce oxygen gas and hydrogen protons. This review proposes the process of mimicking the plant photosynthesis to produce hydrogen gas for fuel. The extension to photosynthesis generates twice the amount of hydrogen gas compared to the amount of oxygen produced. Among the many advantages of using solar water splitting method, there is zero carbon dioxide emission, sufficient water resources in many parts of the world, plenty of sunlight energy, and renewability. This review paper provides detailed mechanisms of how the photolysis of water can be used to produce hydrogen fuel. The design of the photocatalysts and solar cell, as the photolysis device, has also been discussed in detail. 


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Author Biographies

Given Kalonga, The Copperbelt University,

School of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Department of Physics

Rodrick Katete, The Mukuba University,

School of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Department of Biology

Ededias , Texila American University Zambia,

Colleges of Medicine and Pharmacy

Richard Mwenya, Levy Mwanawasa Medical University - Lusaka Campus

Colleges of Medicine and Pharmacy


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How to Cite

Given Kalonga, Rodrick Katete, Ededias, & Richard Mwenya. (2020). Artificial Photosynthesis for Production of Hydrogen Gas for Fuel. To Physics Journal, 5, 138-151. Retrieved from



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