Past and Present: Analysis of The Social-Political Changes of Bujuur Naga
Bujuur Naga, also known as Moyon Naga, is a small ethnic community belonging to the Naga group inhabiting the hills of Manipur, India and Sagaing Division of Myanmar. The everyday lives and affairs of the Bujuur are village centric with a base on customs and traditions. In the phase of modernization impact on smaller ethnic communities, the social-political-economic lives of the Bujuur have been evolving for the last hundred years. To comprehend the process of this evolution, the paper focuses on the political system of the Bujuur Naga by exploring it from the period of oral history to the present with the objectives to understand the factors and natures of the changes. Also, the interpretations of the past and contemporary everyday lives are discussed as a means to understand the social-political challenges and issues the community is facing including the contemporary political state of political ambiguity that arose in the process of adaptive changes.
Angnong, R. (1986) The Origin, Migration, and Settlement of the Moyons (Moyon Khuntaron). Komlathabi: R Angnong.
Chinir, P.R. (2016) “Traditional Social-Political Life of the Moyon.” Modern Research Publications: An International Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences 3 (1): 190-219.
Chonglawar. R., and G. Shangkham. (2012) “King Nguwruw Kuurkam Moyon.” In Ng. Kuurkam Moyon, edited by G.S. Moyon, pp. 1-14. Kapama: Bujuur Aanchung Puh.
The conference, Moyon Naga. (1987) Souvenir. Komlathabi: Moyon Naga Conference.
Fabian, J. (1983) Time and the Other: How Anthropology Makes its Object. New York: Columbia Press University.
Maps, Google. (2018). Retrieved from
Nungchim, B.N. (2015) “Moyon Cultural Traditions: Its Transitions.” MZU Journal of Literature and Cultural Studies 2 (2): 33-49.
Shangkham, G. (1995). “A Brief Accounts of the Moyons.” In Manipur Past and Present, Volume 3, edited by N Sanajaoba, 440-456. New Delhi: Mittal Publications.
The Manipur (Village Authorities in Hill Areas) Act, 1956. Retrieved from
Wouters, J.J.P. (2017) “Who is a Naga Village? The Naga ‘village republic’ through the ages.” The South Asianist 5 (1): 99-120.
Copyright (c) 2019 Elija Chara
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
The author warrants that the article is original, written by stated author(s), has not been published before, contains no unlawful statements, does not infringe the rights of others, is subject to copyright that is vested exclusively in the author and free of any third party rights, and that any necessary written permissions to quote from other sources have been obtained by the author(s).