Climate Change and Food Security Assessing The Impact of Climatic And Socio-Economic Factors On Food Security In India And Thailand: An Empirical Analysis
Assessing the impact of climatic and socio-economic factors on food security in India and Thailand: An empirical analysis
This study investigates the food security of 13 Indian states during 1985-2009 and 56 provinces of Thailand during 2008-2011. For the above-mentioned investigation, state-wise food security index (FSI) for India, and province-wise FSI for Thailand are created using three key components of food security (i.e., food availability, food stability, and food accessibility). Thereupon, it assesses the influence of climatic and non-climatic factors on constructed FSI using rosbust linear regression models. FSI is generated using state-wise and provinces-wise panel data for India and Thailand, respectively. 26 key determinants of food security for India and 18 key determinants of food security for Thailand are compiled to create FSI for both the economies. For this, Composite Z-score technique is used. Empirical results based on Driscoll-Kraay standard errors regression model imply that climatic factors have a negative influence on FSI in both countries. Poverty and food security have a causal relationship and vice-versa in India. Government expenditure on infrastructure development and agricultural R&D; irrigated area; applications of green fertilizer in cultivation; protection of natural resources and participation of literate persons in the agricultural sector would be effective to reduce negative consequences of climatic factors on agricultural production activities and food security in India and Thailand.
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