Three Wakas at Evening in The Autumn with Reference to Tea Ceremony
This letter is concerned with the three Wakas at evening in the autumn, which may be most popular and are compiled in Shin-Kokinwakashu. It is realized that Waka is a short literal sculpture based on pointillism, and filling enormous amount of contents regarding emotion and/or scenery. The first common characteristic point of these three Wakas is to be paused at the end of the third passage, respectively. The second characteristic point is that the fifth passage is a common phrase. They describe lonely scenery at the mountain, swamp, and seashore, respectively, at evening in the autumn without using any subjective literal expression. It is, therefore, suggested that they become the symbol of a simple tea ceremony, and provide the original idea to establish the standard rules. Japanese people have been continued to be influenced by the rules in their daily lives for long time.
Kubota, J.(2018) 「Shin-Kokinwakashu」(新古今和歌集) vol.1 Shincho-Nihon-Koten-Shusei（新潮日本古典集成）Shinchosha Co. Tokyo, pp.385
Nakagawa, T.R.M. (2019) Introduction to Basho’s Haiku. Social Sci Journal, 4, 95-97.
Toyama, S. (2010) Shoryaku-no-Shigaku (省略の詩学) Chuou-Koron, Co. Tokyo pp.188.
Planck, M. (1914) The theory of heat radiation ( translated by M. Masius). 2nd Edition, Blakishton’s Son & Co. Philadelphia, pp. 22-26, 42-43.
Tsuge, S. (1974) Approach to the origin of turbulence on the basis of two-point kinetic theory. Phys. Fluid 17, 22-33
Nakagawa, R.M.T.(2019) Universal thesis of meanders. Social Sci J. 4, 153-166
Watabe, Y. (2014) Wake no ru-ru(和歌のルール) Kasama Book Co. Tokyo, pp.166
Copyright (c) 2019 Takeo Nakagawa
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
The author warrants that the article is original, written by stated author(s), has not been published before, contains no unlawful statements, does not infringe the rights of others, is subject to copyright that is vested exclusively in the author and free of any third party rights, and that any necessary written permissions to quote from other sources have been obtained by the author(s).