Three Wakas at Evening in The Autumn with Reference to Tea Ceremony

  • Takeo Nakagawa
Keywords: Short Poem, Pointillism, Waka, Haiku, Tea Ceremony, Life, Nature


This letter is concerned with the three Wakas at evening in the autumn, which may be most popular and are compiled in Shin-Kokinwakashu.  It is realized that Waka is a short literal sculpture based on pointillism, and filling enormous amount of contents regarding emotion and/or scenery.  The first common characteristic point of these three Wakas is to be paused at the end of the third passage, respectively.  The second characteristic point is that the fifth passage is a common phrase.   They describe lonely scenery at the mountain, swamp, and seashore, respectively, at evening in the autumn without using any subjective literal expression.  It is, therefore, suggested that they become the symbol of a simple tea ceremony, and provide the original idea to establish the standard rules. Japanese people have been continued to be influenced by the rules in their daily lives for long time.


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Author Biography

Takeo Nakagawa

Academy of Hakusan 2-14, Meiko, Hakusan 920-2152 Japan


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How to Cite
Nakagawa, T. (2019). Three Wakas at Evening in The Autumn with Reference to Tea Ceremony. SOCIALSCI JOURNAL, 5, 63-68. Retrieved from
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