Research Collaboration in Mathematical Applications and Innovations to Solve Community Challenges: A Position Paper


  • Silvanos Chirume Senior Lecturer, Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Zimbabwe Open University, Midlands Regional Campus


high impact research, community challenges, mathematical innovations, mathematical applications, STEM, research collaboration


The U.N. General Assembly has declared, through its 2030 Sustainable Development Goals, to transform the world. This can be achieved through enhancing scientific research, among other things. Following suit, Zimbabwe strives to attain a middle economy status by the year 2030. In this regard, Zimbabwean researchers and academia will be required to produce quality goods and services that contribute to the viability and sustainability of the communities and the country at large. Regarding academia, the basis for the promotion of university lecturers in Zimbabwe is now the Philosophy of Education 5.0 system, which is centered on five pillars, which include teaching, research, community service, innovations, and industrialization. To achieve this philosophy, this position paper which focuses on STEM subjects but is more biased towards mathematical thinking and learning argues for research collaboration and high impact research, especially research that helps to solve community challenges. It also challenges the readers and researchers to offer practical solutions to some chosen problems in the STEM disciplines and concludes by suggesting strategies of forming research groups or ‘collaborations,’ especially during conferences or workshops, and recommends that institutions should adequately fund high impact research. Points and suggestions raised in this paper can apply to other countries too, especially those with developing economies.


Download data is not yet available.


Chen, K., Zhang, Y. and Fu, X. (2019). International research collaboration: An emerging domain of innovation. Research Policy 48, pp. 149–168.

Chirume, S. (2018). Number Sayings, Numerology, and Myths in Shona Culture in Zimbabwe, Africology: The Journal of Pan African Studies, 12(3), pp. 92-102.

Freire, P. (2005). Pedagogy of the oppressed (30th Anniversary Edition). New York: The Continuum International Publishing Group Inc.

Geuna, A., and Nesta, L. (2004). University Patenting and its Effects on Academic Research: The Emerging European Evidence. SPRU, University of Sussex.

Government of Zimbabwe (2018). Towards an Upper-middle Income Economy by 2030: “New Dispensation Core Values,” Washington DC.

Jonathan, E. (2018). Education 5.0 - towards problem-solving and value creation. Retrieved on 01/03/19 from 157170.html

Katz, J.S. and Martin, B.R. (1997), What is Research Collaboration? Research Policy, 26, pp 1-18,

Kishk Anaquot Health Research (2008). Collaborative Research: an "indigenous lens" perspective. Ottawa: Canadian Coalition for Global Health Research.

Patent Research 101 (n.d.). Patent Research 101. Retrieved from series---patent-research-101.pdf

Thondhlana, S., and Chirume, S. (2016). Towards enhancing research productivity and collaboration in Open and Distance Learning (O.D.L.) institutions: The Case of the Zimbabwe Open University. International Open and Distance Learning Journal, 3(1), pp 56-71.

United Nations General Assembly (2015). Transforming our world: The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Retrieved on 23/7/19 from

United States Patent and Trademark Office, Department of Commerce (2015). 35 U.S.C. § 101: Statutory Requirements and Four Categories of Invention. Retrieved on 4/7/19 from

Wagers, S. (2013). 20 benefits of collaboration as a researcher you cannot afford to ignore. Retrieved on 26/7/15 from

Wolhuter, C.C. (ed.). (2018). Raising the Impact of Education Research in Africa, pp. i–412, AOSIS, Cape Town



How to Cite

Silvanos Chirume. (2020). Research Collaboration in Mathematical Applications and Innovations to Solve Community Challenges: A Position Paper. SOCIALSCI JOURNAL, 7, 55-66. Retrieved from



Research Articles