G. P Genocide against Tutsi in Rwanda: Perpetrators Testimonies on their Motives to Commit Genocide


  • Jean Bosco SIBOMANA Lecturer and Subject Manager at Kepler University Program, Republic of Rwanda
  • Faustin Mafeza Research Fellow at the National Commission for the Fight against Genocide (CNLG), Republic of Rwanda


Genocide, Motivation, Testimonies, Tutsi, Perpetrators


The Genocide perpetrated against Tutsi had been planned by the Government of President Juvenal Habyarimana. Different methods and strategies have been used to induce Hutus in the execution of genocide. However, Hutus themselves had their own motives to take part in genocide. In order to know the methods used by genocide planners (the authorities) and what made the Hutus be involved in the implementation of the genocide. 12 interviews have been conducted with prisoners accused of committing genocide detained in Nyanza and Muhanga prisons and a Focus Group Discussion was conducted with 40 perpetrators who have been released after confessing and telling the truth on their involvement in the genocide against Tutsi. After analyzing different testimonies, the research concluded that different motives that led Hutus to be involved in genocide include the ideology of hatred against Tutsi that had been instilled in Hutus for a long time, following blindly the authorities’ orders with no prior analysis or interpretation, greed of grasping Tutsis properties or belongings, the culture of impunity, to name, but a few.  Despite the aforementioned motives that led perpetrators to commit genocide, there should be no justification or motive of committing genocide as it is a crime above others crimes.


Download data is not yet available.


African Rights (1994). Rwanda: Death, Despair, Defiance. Londres: African Rights

CNLG (2019). Jenoside yakorewe Abatutsi mu yahoze ari Perefegitura ya Gitarama. Kigali: CNLG

CNLG (2015). Ibisobanuro ku mwihariko wa Jenoside yakorewe Abatutsi mu Rwanda, Kigali: CNLG.

Dupaquier, J (2010). L’Agenda du génocide, témoignage de Richard Mugenzi, ex- espion Rwandais. Paris: Editions Karthala.

Hatzfeld, J. (2003). Une saison de machettes, Paris: Seuil.

IMS (2003). IMS assessment mission: The Rwanda media experience from the genocide. Retrieved from https://www.mediasupport.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/11/ims-assessment-rwanda-genocide-2003.pdf on July11, 2020.

Kabwete, M. C. (2010), Le sauvetage de quelques victimes du génocide dans les Communes Gishamvu et Kigembe au Rwanda, in Etudes Rwandaises, No 13, Université Nationale du Rwanda.

Kimonyo, J.P. (2008). Rwanda: Un génocide populaire, Paris, Karthala

Longman, T. (2004). Placing genocide in context: research priorities for the Rwandan genocide: Journal of Genocide Research,Nº 6, Vol 1, March, 2004, pp. 29-45.

Melvern, L. (2006). A People betrayed: The Role of the West in the Rwanda’s Genocide, London: Zed Books,

Melvern, L. (2000) A people betrayed: The role of the West in Rwanda’s genocide. Cape Town: National Assessment of Educational Process.

MINALOC (2004). Dénombrement des victimes du génocide, Rapport final, version revisée.

Mutwarasibo, E. & Rutembesa, F. (2009). Amateka ya Jenoside yakorewe Abatutsi muri Mugina, Kigali: CNLG,

Prunier, G. (1997). The Rwandan crisis: History of a Genocide, Hurst &Company, London

Rutayisire, P. & Rutazibwa, P (2007). Le génocide à Nyarubuye, Kigali: Editions Rwandaises.

Rutinduka, L. (2010). Amateka ya Jenoside yakorewe Abatutsi muri Murambi, Kigali: CNLG

SNJG (2012) Raporo isoza imirimo y’Inkiko Gacaca, Kigali, SNJG.

Staub, E. (1992). Roots of evil: The origins of genocide and other group violence. Cambridge:Cambridge University Press.

University of Minnesota (2020). Holocaust and Genocide Studies. Retrieved from https://cla.umn.edu/chgs/holocaust-genocide-education/resource-guides/rwanda

Vidal, C. (1998). "Questions sur le rôle des paysans durant le génocide des Rwandais Tutsi", Cahiers d'études africaines, 150-152, XXXVIII-2-4.




How to Cite

SIBOMANA, J. B., & MAFEZA, F. (2020). G. P Genocide against Tutsi in Rwanda: Perpetrators Testimonies on their Motives to Commit Genocide. SOCIALSCI JOURNAL, 8, 20-30. Retrieved from https://purkh.com/index.php/tosocial/article/view/887



Research Articles