SOCIALSCI JOURNAL https://purkh.com/index.php/tosocial <p>The principal purpose of the journal is to publish scholarly work in the&nbsp;social sciences&nbsp;defined in the classical sense, that is in the social sciences, the humanities, and the natural sciences. The research that is published may take a theoretical or speculative model as well as statistical and mathematical. Contributions are welcome from all fields which have relevant and insightful comments to make about the social sciences.</p> en-US editor@purkh.com (Gurdev Singh) tosocial@purkh.com (Gurpreet Kaur) Sun, 30 Aug 2020 08:20:55 +0000 OJS 3.2.0.3 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Strategic management and Small and Medium Enterprises Performance: Evidence from Lagos State, Nigeria https://purkh.com/index.php/tosocial/article/view/811 <p>The study examines the impact of strategic management on the performance of SMEs in Lagos State, Nigeria. A survey of two hundred and two (202) of Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) that have been in operation for the past ten (10) years were randomly selected from one thousand nine hundred and sixty-five (1,965) that registered with Ministry of Commerce and Industry in Lagos State. Data analysis was performed with the aid of an Ordinary Least Square method of estimation. The findings reveal that commitment to strategic management has a positive impact on SMEs’ performance but not significant, while the inclusion of members of staff in the strategic management process has a positive and significant impact on SMEs’ performance. The study concludes that for SMEs in Nigeria to achieve sustainable competitive advantages in this era of the cut-throat global competitive environment, the inclusion of all stakeholders in the strategic management process is prime importance.</p> Abodunde S.M Copyright (c) 2020 Abodunde S.M https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://purkh.com/index.php/tosocial/article/view/811 Sun, 30 Aug 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Women Entrepreneurs in Small And Medium Enterprises (SMEs) And Sustainable Development: Evidence From Southwest Of Nigeria https://purkh.com/index.php/tosocial/article/view/812 <p>This study examines the role of women entrepreneurs in sustainable economic development. This study employs descriptive survey design while judgmental sampling technique was used to select five hundred and fifty (550) women entrepreneurs from three thousand eight hundred (3,800) women entrepreneurs that registered with Small and Medium Enterprises Development Agency of Nigeria in South-Western Nigeria. Mean, frequency, simple percentage, and Chi-Square were used to analyze data. Results indicate that the positive attitude of women towards entrepreneurship has improved the family standard of living, and the rate of poverty has reduced tremendously, while women's entrepreneurial activities have assisted in creating employment for youths. Therefore, the study recommends that the government should establish a financial institution that will provide interest-free loans to active, energetic women entrepreneurs rather than engaging in the "Trader-Moni scheme" by given interest-free loans to the selected market women across the country. Also, the government should put a policy in place that will ease cultural influence on women entrepreneurs and encouraging more women to start businesses in industries with greater growth potential.</p> Oyebamiji, Funmilola Florence Copyright (c) 2020 Oyebamiji, Funmilola Florence https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://purkh.com/index.php/tosocial/article/view/812 Sun, 30 Aug 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Estimating the duration of the inspection and storage of Covid-19 https://purkh.com/index.php/tosocial/article/view/821 <p>"How long should these restrictions last?"</p> <p>To measure this question, two measures of disease spread are proposed. These; daily growth rate and time to double cumulative cases. These metrics enable the targeting of three simple, intuitive, and actionable comparisons: Inspection, Control, and Enclosure (&lt;10%, 1%, and 0.1% growth, respectively).</p> <p>Besides, action or response is defined as major testing and quarantine, home orders, or deadlocks. Analysis of the top 36 countries and 50 states of the USA affected by the epidemic disease by the end of March gives the following results. Aggressive interventions only caused any damping or deceleration.</p> <p>It takes an average of three weeks for countries to act. However, even aggressive intervention does not give immediate results. It takes an average of three to three weeks from countries' aggressive intervention, four weeks to control, and more than four weeks to spread the disease. During the action, there are important differences between Asian and European countries, large and small. Using these findings, possible inspection and control dates are estimated for certain countries and the US States.</p> <p>Without a vaccine, treatment, or major test and quarantine, deadlocks and illegal orders will take months. However, the US faces a unique challenge, because only half of the states have adopted aggressive interventions and did it at different times. Even if these situations gain control or limitation, they may be vulnerable to transmission from other late countries.</p> Dr. Erkin ARTANTAŞ , Dr. Esra SİPAHİ Copyright (c) 2020 Dr. Erkin ARTANTAŞ , Dr. Esra SİPAHİ https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://purkh.com/index.php/tosocial/article/view/821 Sun, 30 Aug 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Investing in young people in rural areas: an alternative paradigm for rural entrepreneurship development https://purkh.com/index.php/tosocial/article/view/809 <p>The study explores the influence of investing in young people in rural areas on entrepreneurship development with specific reference to Oyo State, Nigeria. Purposive sampling technique was utilized to choose ten rural Local Government Areas (LGAs) in Oyo State, while a simple random sampling technique was used to choose one hundred (100), respondents. The data collection instruments for the study were structured questionnaire designed for the study. Data were analyzed with the aid of correlation analysis and the ordinary least square method of estimation. The outcome uncovers that entrepreneurship education has a significant influence on rural entrepreneurship development. It was also revealed that entrepreneurial programmes have a significant influence on rural entrepreneurship development. Therefore, the study recommends that the government should support the entrepreneurship of young men and women through proper training, access to credit, and other business development services.</p> Folorunso, O. O. Copyright (c) 2020 Folorunso, O. O. https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://purkh.com/index.php/tosocial/article/view/809 Sun, 30 Aug 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Agricultural Financing and Economic Growth in Nigeria: A Threshold Autoregressive (TAR) Analyses https://purkh.com/index.php/tosocial/article/view/867 <p>This study evaluates agricultural financing and economic growth in Nigeria using threshold autoregressive (TAR) model. Examining the efficacy of agricultural financing on economic growth in Nigeria is the objective of the study. This evaluation covered but short and long run analyses. Diagnostic tests are adopted using Augmented Dickey Fuller Unit Root Test, Co-integration, and Error Correction Model. Threshold Autoregressive model (TAR) was utilized to test agricultural finance sustainability in Nigeria from 1990-2017. Findings showed that Nigeria has not reach a healthy threshold as revealed in all the regimes of GDP, the study concludes that Nigeria’s agricultural financing is not healthy enough to yield greater benefits for the battled economy. This is because it has not achieved healthy threshold of significant positive impact in agriculture. The paper recommends among others that, there is great need to improve significantly government budget allocation to agriculture. Policy makers are encouraged to develop better frameworks that enhance more funds appropriated to the agricultural sector and financial institutions are expected to assist government on this struggle. Special Funds should be channeled to farmers and its relations to help boost production in the sector. This will lead to achievement of food security and high foreign exchange earnings.</p> Jacob Sesugh Angaha, Tessy Ajiji Atong Copyright (c) 2020 Jacob Sesugh Angaha, Tessy Ajiji Atong https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://purkh.com/index.php/tosocial/article/view/867 Sun, 30 Aug 2020 00:00:00 +0000 The Financial Literacy and Small and Medium Enterprises’ Performance in Lagos State, Nigeria: An Empirical Approach https://purkh.com/index.php/tosocial/article/view/893 <p>The study examines the influence of financial literacy on the performance of SMEs with particular reference to SMEs registered with Lagos Business directory. The total population of the study comprises all 376 SMEs that registered and listed in Lagos Business Directory. Closed-ended questionnaires were employed to collect data from 190 SME entrepreneurs. The result reveals that the majority of the SME operators had a numeracy level of financial literacy of using a calculator for addition and subtraction only. This implies that most of the small business entrepreneurs did not have a spectrum of financial skills. It was also discovered that financial literacy dimensions independently and jointly influence SMEs’ performance. Therefore, the study recommends that SME entrepreneurs should leverage on the spectrum of financial skills, and also there should be a collaboration between SME entrepreneurs and accounting professional bodies in Nigeria, to organize seminars and workshops on financial literacy. Thus, this will go a long way to equip SME entrepreneurs with an array of financial skills such as book-keeping, cash management, inventory management, daily cash reconciliation and budgeting.</p> Odebiyi, Itunu I, Fasesin, Oladipo O, Ayo-Oyebiyi, G. T. Copyright (c) 2020 Odebiyi, Itunu I, Fasesin, Oladipo O, Ayo-Oyebiyi, G. T. https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://purkh.com/index.php/tosocial/article/view/893 Sun, 30 Aug 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Research Collaboration in Mathematical Applications and Innovations to Solve Community Challenges: A Position Paper https://purkh.com/index.php/tosocial/article/view/833 <p>The U.N. General Assembly has declared, through its 2030 Sustainable Development Goals, to transform the world. This can be achieved through enhancing scientific research, among other things. Following suit, Zimbabwe strives to attain a middle economy status by the year 2030. In this regard, Zimbabwean researchers and academia will be required to produce quality goods and services that contribute to the viability and sustainability of the communities and the country at large. Regarding academia, the basis for the promotion of university lecturers in Zimbabwe is now the Philosophy of Education 5.0 system, which is centered on five pillars, which include teaching, research, community service, innovations, and industrialization. To achieve this philosophy, this position paper which focuses on STEM subjects but is more biased towards mathematical thinking and learning argues for research collaboration and high impact research, especially research that helps to solve community challenges. It also challenges the readers and researchers to offer practical solutions to some chosen problems in the STEM disciplines and concludes by suggesting strategies of forming research groups or ‘collaborations,’ especially during conferences or workshops, and recommends that institutions should adequately fund high impact research. Points and suggestions raised in this paper can apply to other countries too, especially those with developing economies.</p> Silvanos Chirume Copyright (c) 2020 Silvanos Chirume https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://purkh.com/index.php/tosocial/article/view/833 Sun, 30 Aug 2020 00:00:00 +0000 The Role And Contribution Of Migrants Interactions To Indigenous Technology And Value Chain Development Among Selected Small And Medium Scale Entrepreneurs In Southern Nigeria https://purkh.com/index.php/tosocial/article/view/899 <p>Research on local technology and innovation in Nigeria has largely focused on the role and contribution of government to national development. In contrast, this article explores the way in which migrants (returnees from Europe, America, and Asia and their family members) serve as potential sources of knowledge and innovative ideas towards new and improved development on local technology. This article investigates the continuous interactions, cross-pollination of ideas, and exposure to the needs and demands of Nigerian Diaspora. Based on the qualitative data collected, the study revealed entrepreneurs in the small and medium scale industries ingenuities were often dependent on the mingling and interaction with migrants (returnee and family members living overseas) in fabricating metal and allied products that are in high demands abroad. Narratives revealed that the demands and peculiarities of African cuisines, fashion, and healthcare needs are greatly informed by these interactions. It is recommended thus that small and medium scale entrepreneurs should build and capitalize on the social capital migrants provide through their interactions by way of requests and patronages of locally fabricated goods and simple technology available in the Nigerian markets.</p> Adediran Daniel IKUOMOLA , Rashidi Akanji OKUNOLA , Dr Chiedu Akporaro ABRIFOR, Dr. Abimbola Adebimpe Allen Copyright (c) 2020 Adediran Daniel IKUOMOLA , Rashidi Akanji OKUNOLA , Dr Chiedu Akporaro ABRIFOR, Dr. Abimbola Adebimpe Allen https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://purkh.com/index.php/tosocial/article/view/899 Sun, 30 Aug 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Role of Wheatstone Bridge in Velocity Measurements with Tension Thread Flow Meter https://purkh.com/index.php/tosocial/article/view/876 <p>This paper is concerned with the role of a Wheatstone bridge in velocity measurements with Tension Thread Flow Meter. The history of the Wheatstone bridge and the concept are reviewed in brief, and the role in the Tension Thread Flow Meter has been discussed. By using a prototype flow meter, how the system of structural, mechanical, and electrical components works harmoniously has been demonstrated. Several novel models of the present flowmeter have been proposed. It is realized that the Tension Thread Flow Meter possesses almost limitless potential to measure the instantaneous velocities ranging from nanometer/s to sound speed in air(gas) and water(liquid), together with the oscillating, boundary layer, channel and pipe flow. New development of the nanometer scale model for measuring the velocity in micro-fluid, and the application of Tension Thread Flow Meter to measure supersonic flow velocity are attractive research topics left for the future. </p> Ai Nakagawa, Takeo R. M. Nakagawa Copyright (c) 2020 Ai Nakagawa, Takeo R. M. Nakagawa https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://purkh.com/index.php/tosocial/article/view/876 Sun, 30 Aug 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Effect of Moral Values on National Security: The Role of Citizenship Education https://purkh.com/index.php/tosocial/article/view/881 <p><em>Citizenship education has been acknowledged by means of scholars and educationalists as an indispensable phase of countrywide monetary empowerment and development techniques in industrialized and developed nations globally, due to its influence on ethical values and national security. However, the harness of youth's potentials through citizenship education has not accelerated sustainability in Nigeria. The study, therefore, seeks to examine the influence of citizenship education on moral values and national protection with precise reference to Colleges of Education in South West of Nigeria. A survey research method was adopted to pattern the opinion of 1,448 college students of the colleges of education in the six states. The structured questionnaires designed for the study was used to collect data, while analysis was performed via mean, standard deviation, and linear regression. The study establishes that citizenship education is a riding force of moral price and national security. It was recommended that citizenship education be delivered and made a core course for all students in tertiary institutions in Nigeria.</em></p> Ijiwole, A. A, Adeyemi, M. A Copyright (c) 2020 Ijiwole, A. A, Adeyemi, M. A https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://purkh.com/index.php/tosocial/article/view/881 Mon, 31 Aug 2020 00:00:00 +0000